80-series FAQ for General Info, Modification and Repairs

Discussion in '80-Series Tech' started by Romer, Mar 20, 2006.

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  1. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

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    Centennial, Colorado
    The Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) for the 80/LX450 series tech section continues to be a work in progress. The goal is to have links in the below to other threads and tech articles. By having these linked, instead of pasting the text, the threads will remain live. The live threads can continue to be updated and/or modified for things such as part numbers, adding on additional insight or after a period of time, some follow up information.
    These FAQs have been put together by FORUM members. They have put extensive time and research into them. So when you find yourself using them, it would not be a bad thing to send off a thank you.
    Again, these will continue to be updated and we will continue to add new ones as we move forward. If you have an idea for a new faq, or would like to take ownership of pulling one together, then don't be shy about it, you'll be helping everyone

    Acronyms and Definitions - Wondering what those Acronyms mean, look here. PM a mod if you see one missing.

    Thinking of Buying- If you are thinking of buying or getting ready to look at an 80 or an LX450, look here for helpful links.

    General - The General Links include descriptions of differentials, Factory Service manuals, links to Slee's and Safari's Technical Page and how to find a place to fill your CO2 tank

    Modifications - Need to start modifying your rig? Look here for what other forum members have done from roof racks, speedo corrections, tires to . . . . If you have an idea, let us know and we can add it! Some modifications are also included in the Accessories link below

    Maintenance/Trail Fix items- If you need to perform some maintenance from Rear/Front Axle rebuilds, Changing Starter Contacts, pesky Heater Hose, Fluid Changes, Filters, Injector Cleaning to wiper blade changes, look here! In addition, our local Oil experts provide their recommendations.

    Bling- Need to add a little Bling, treat your leather, make the paint shine, look here!

    4 :banana: Repairs - Need to replace your Headgasket or rebuild your Transmission, look here!

    Want to see how those Accessories look - - Links to threads showing, bumpers, sliders, lifts, tires, OnBoard Air Systems, etc. as they look installed on your fellow members rides. Also a Link to Storage ideas can be found here

    Where can I get those Accessories - Links to Vendor sites for lots of those great accessories.

    Engine Enhancements - A new section dedicated to Engine Enhancements such as Turbo and Super Chargers

    Forum Members ROTW (Rig of the Week) Write-ups. Learn here what others have done to their rigs.

    Last edited: Jun 2, 2012
  2. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

    Likes Received:
    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
    Acronyms and Definitions for FAQ

    Common Forum Lingo:
    AFAIK - As far as I know
    BTW - By the way
    FWIW - For What it's worth
    FYI - For your information
    IIRC- If I recall correctly
    IMHO - In my humble opinion
    IMO - In my opinion
    LMAO - Laughing my @$$ off
    LOL - Laugh out loud
    OTOH - On the other hand
    ROTFLOL - Rolling on the floor laughing out loud
    ROTFLMAO - Rolling on the floor laughing my ass off
    RTFM - Read the F-ing Manual
    RTH- Real Time Help
    YMMV - Your methods/mileage may vary

    Technical Acronyms:

    A343F = Automatic transmission used in LC's from 95-97

    A442F = Automatic transmission used in LC's from 93-94 AKA "the bus tranny", Also some diesels from 95-98

    A440F = Automatic transmission used in LC's from 88-92 (Non-electronically controlled predecessor/version of the A442F)

    ABS - Acronym for Anti-lock Braking System. This system uses a computer to control your brakes on your car by applying and releasing your brakes quickly to prevent skidding or sliding from occuring.

    ALT - Alternator: power generator for automobiles

    ARB - australian 4x4 accessories manufacturer

    AT - Automatic Transmission

    AT - (tires) All Terrain

    ATF - Automatic Transmission fluid

    BIRF - Birfield: Found in the front axles of our rigs; they are constant velocity joints that transmit power through variable angles, at constant velocities.

    CEL - check engine light, sometimes refers tocode that cuased light that can be read by a code reader

    CDL Switch- Center Differential Lock Switch- Switch installed to allow the Center Differential to be locked when the transfer case is in High. The actual Center Differential Lock is in the Transfer Case.


    Reference on operation of Center Differential. Diffs and Difflocks for Dummies (George Couyant from www.lcool.org) - Can Purchase CDL from Cdan (Totota) or Slee offroad[/I]

    DS- Driver's side

    DS: Drive Shaft=shafts that carry power and torque from the engine/tranny/xfer case to the axles.

    DC DS=Double Cardan Drive Shaft=a pair of joints in a drive shaft that allows the tube to move in various directions and angularities.

    Diffs - Differentials: found in the front and rear axles that consists of gears that transmit equal power and torque even if they rotate at different speeds.

    ECT - Electronically Controlled Transmission - allows the engine to rev to a higher rpm before shifting to the next gear. Basically changes the shift points for the transmission. (Best for towing or heavier loads)

    EGR = Exhaust Gas Recirculation valve

    EWD or WD - Electrical Wiring Diagram, (part of FSM set)

    FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions

    FHH = Firewall Heater Hose

    FJ80 - An 80 series Land Cruiser powered by a 3FE engine.

    FSM - Factory Service Manual. The "bible" as published by the manufacturer. Used to guide in repairs

    FZJ80 - An 80 series Land Cruiser powered by the vastly superior :)flipoff2: ) 1FZ-FE engine.

    HDJ80 - An 80 series Land Cruiser powered by a 1HD-T turbocharged diesel engine.

    HDJ81 - Japan Domestic Market HDJ80

    HG - Head Gasket

    HZJ80 - An 80 series Land Cruiser powered by a 1HZ naturally aspirated diesel engine.

    HZJ81 - Japan Domestic Market HZJ80

    IAC = Idle Air Control solenoid

    JDM- Japan Domestic Market- Refers to items particular to vehicles manufactured and sold in the Japanese market.
    Items include but are not limited to:
    Power retracting mirrors
    Dual air conditioning
    Adjustible shocks
    and various cool and some gawdy accessories.

    LB/FT - pound feet of torque

    LB/IN - pound inches of torque

    LHD (Left-Hand Drive): steering wheel on the left side, driving on the right side of the road

    LSPV - Load Sensing Proportioning Valve

    MAF - Mass air flow sensor

    MIL - Malfunction Indicator Light (same as a CEL)

    M&S - (tires) Mud and Snow

    MT - Manual Transmission

    MT - (tires) Mud Terrain

    NA - Naturally Aspirated - An engine that is not turbocharged nor supercharged

    OBDII - On Board Diagnostics Port available on ALL cars sold in the US 199 and later. Allows a common intercface tool to be connected to read and reset engine fault codes (CEL). Many Autpart stores will read your code for free vs. paying the dealer.

    OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer. (Toyota in this case)

    OME - Old Man Emu. An Australian four wheel drive specialty manufacturer that makes all kinds of cool stuff that causes us to empty our billfolds.

    PCV Valve - The Positive Crankcase Ventilation valve is an emissions control device that routes unburned crankcase blowby gases back into the intake manifold where they can be reburned.

    PHH - Pesky Heater Hose. A 100 mm length of 16mm (5/8 inch) straight heater hose located at the extreme LH rear corner of the 1FZ engine cylinder head. So named because it is not the easiest thing to change-out even under ideal conditions.

    PI - Propane Injection - Propane is injected into the intake as a diesel catalyst for a more complete burn and additional power

    PM - preventive mantenance

    PM - private message

    PO - Previous owner

    POS - Piece of S#1T

    PS- Passenger side

    PSI - Pounds per square inch - A measure,emt of pressure.

    RHD (Right-Hand Drive): steering wheel on the right side, driving on the left side of the road.

    RPM - Rotations Per Minute

    SOA - Sprong Over Axle - A suspension lift for a leaf (Vs 80 series coil) spring suspension. It places the leaf springs on top of the axle vs the bottom.

    SC or S/C = Supercharger/Supercharged

    SSM - Special Service Materials

    SST - Special Service Tools

    SUA = Spring under axle. Stock configuration for a Leaf (80's use Coil)Spring Vehicle (vs. SOA previously mentioned).

    TB - Throttle Body: controls air flow into engine system in response to gas pedal depression.

    TC or T/C = Turbocharger/Turbocharged

    TLCA - Toyota Land Cruiser Association (tlca.org) - The Toyota Land Cruiser Association (TLCA) is a 4 wheel drive organization open to all Toyota 4 wheel drive vehicles (except sedan types). This includes all models of Land Cruisers, 4Runners, and 4x4 trucks.

    TPS = Throttle Position Sensor, may also be the "kick down" cable

    USDS- US driver's side or the left-hand side of the vehicle.

    USPS - US passenger side or the right-hand side of the vehicle.

    VSV - Vacuum Switching Valve. An electrically controlled valve that diverts vacuum according to the position of the switch.

    xfer=Transfer case: sits behind transmission, has front and rear drive shafts coming out of it, and distributes power from the transmission to the front and rear differentials/axles.
    Last edited: Jan 1, 2013
  3. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

    Likes Received:
    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
    FAQ Chapter 2 General

    Diffs and Difflocks for Dummies (George Couyant from Don't understand How Lockers work, click here


    Basics on differentials

    Basics on 4wd vs AWD (Forum Members, Mar 2004)

    Factory Service Manual(s) via PDF (RavenTai, April 2004)

    How Big a Winch should I get for my 80/LX450 (Forum Members Dec 2005)

    Slee Off Road Tech Links Page Pin 7 Mod, Alarm manuals, PHH, Newbie guide. and many more tech articles

    Safari Tech Links

    Color codes for these rigs are discussed here

    need a replacement or new FOB (Remote for Alarm) try this link on the various options.

    Should I get a Brush Gaurd for my rig?
    On the brush gaurd. :frown: They provide limited protection only when hit from specific spots and actually multiply the damage when hit from any where but the middle.

    Here is a small example of what a brush guard does

    Here is a great example of what protection an ARB will give you. - However, Slee and others also make great bumpers that provide protection.

    Why should I get Sliders? - If you plan on wheeling, Sliders are great protection
    A picture says a 1000 words, or several thousand dollars of body damage:

    Where can I get my CO2 Tank Filled - This link takes you to a listing of different sources to fill your tank. This includes a link to the National Welders supplies and gases assoc, member suggestions for Fire Extinguisher and Beverage suppliers are also candidates. Make sure you call before going over.

    What happens to my speedometer with bigger than stock tires? Go to this link to see how tire sizes will impact your speedometer

    What Tires are right for my rig? - This link provides a broad description of different tires that you can use on your 80.
    Last edited: Sep 22, 2013
    RFB likes this.
  4. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

    Likes Received:
    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
    FAQ Chapter 3 Modifications

    This section deals with the common and not so common modifications many forum members have completed.

    Lifts - The Place to start

    Lockers, Diffs and extending the Breathers

    Adding a Fuel Tank to extend your range.

    Electrical Modifications


    Dual Batteries:


    Stereo and Navigation:
    • Need to replace the aftermarket stereo? Here is some info. This includes both the 80 and LX450
    • jditom's write-up on the AVN6620 Nav Stereoinstall
    • Want to install a laptop in your truck. Here is a link to my install with links to other solutions
    • Want to swap the antenna for a Tacoma antenna?, use this thread for instructions Scroll down to xprmntls post for pictures and instructions

    Interior Modifications

    Modifications to Increase Cooling Capacity:

    Bumpers Racks, Sliders, Spare Tire Clearance, AC Dryer Protection

    Other Modifications - Unique and the not so common:

    Best Mods for under $100


    Below is the wiring Diagram for the CDL for making your own switch or repairing the interface
    CDL wiring.JPG
    Last edited: May 10, 2018
    BruceFZJ80 likes this.
  5. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

    Likes Received:
    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
    FAQ Chapter 4 Maintenance and Repairs

    Electrical Issues

    Axle and Drive Train:


    Front Axle, Brakes and Alignment

    Rear Axle :
    Center Diff Lock & Lockers:
    Drivetrain Maintenance and Issues:
    Power Steering
    Coolant System

    Air Conditioning
    Fluids (Oils, ATF, etc)

    • Forum Members advice on Oil, Filters and Gear Oil This thread is a compilation of our own oil experts cary and RavenTai posts and advice over the last 3 years.
    • Power Steering Flush - RavenTai Feb 2006 Often overlooked Fluid Baseline
    • Transmission Fluid Exchange (Snow Cruiser, July 2004) Part of base lining fluids in the vehicle
    • Fluid Recommendations per the Factory Service Manual
      • Engine oil
        • Dry fill 8.0 liters (8.5 US qts, 7.0 Imp. qts)
        • Drain and refill w/ Oil filter change 7.4 liters (7.8 US qts, 6.5 Imp. qts)
        • w/o Oil filter change 6.9 liters (7.3 US qts, 6.1 Imp qts)
        • API grade SH, Energy-Conserving II multigrade
        • engine oil or ILSAC multigrade engine oil and
        • recommended viscosity oil, with SAE 5W-30 being preferred engine oil
      • Differential oil
        • Front w/o Dfferential lock 2.80 liters (2.9 US qts, 2.5 lmp. qts) Transfer Case takes the same fluid type as the Differential
        • w/ Dfferential lock 2.65 liters (2.8 US qts, 2.3 lmp. qts)
        • Rear 3.25 liters (3.4 US qts, 2.9 lmp. qts)
        • Hypoid gear oil API GL-5
        • Above -18°C (0°F) SAE 90
        • Below -18°C (0°F) SAE 80W-90 or 80W
      • Transfer Case
        • 1.9 liters (2.0 US qts, 1.7 lmp. qts)
      • Transmission
        • 11.0 liters (11.6 US qts, 9.7 lmp. qts) , ATF DEXRON®II
      • Engine coolant:
        • w/ Front heater 12.5 liters (13.2 US qts, 11.1 lmp. qts)
        • w/ Front heater and rear heaters 13.4 liters (14.2 US qts, 11.8 lmp. qts)
        • Ethylene-glycol base
    Fuel & Emissions System
    General Maintenance Items
    Misc Repairs
    Interior & Exterior
    Troubleshooting Information and Manuals
    • Technical Service Bulletins (not complete list)
    • Want to be able to download the Factory Service Manual, Here are updated instructions on how to do itWant to know what the engine codes are, here are some links
    • Get an Engine Light or have a CEL Code? look here for a listing of the codes (Maybe for only 96-97 OBDII). Note: You can get codes pulled free at lots of Autoparts stores.
    • If you have a 96 or newer vehicle you have an OBDII diagnostic port. You can eitehr buy a code reader or got to one of the many autoparts stores that will pull the code for you. The code will then tell you what the computer has logged as a fault. The nice thing about OBDII, is the code reader will work on ALL vehicles made 1996 and up.
    • If you have a 91-95 Land Cruiser, you can still pull the code with the paperclip method:

      Go to this link for a discussion on it

      1. With the key OFF, jump the E1 and TE1 terminals in the underhood diagnostics box with a paperclip.
      2. Turn the key to the ON position, do NOT start the engine.
      3. Count how many times the CEL blinks, I.E. code 25 would be two flashes, a pause, then five flashes, repeat. If there is more than one code, there will be a longer pause between codes.
      4. To clear the codes, remove the EFI fuse for 15 minutes, then replace it.
      In addition, you can pull the TCM code. A TCM code is where your o/d light is flashing and pertains directly to the transmission only
      Originally Posted by semlin
      To identify the code
      1. get a metal paperclip or jumper wires
      2. switch the o/d button on
      2. go to the DTC output box on the fireall of the engine (small black plastic box with a pop up lid which may be labelled "DLC1". lift the lid. You should see two small grids of 3x3 contacts and the inside of the lid should have a label code. identify the E1 and TE1 contacts.
      3. turn ignition on
      4. go back to the DLC box and insert one end of the paper clip in the E1 hole and one end in the TE1 hole. BE CAREFUL AND DO NOT GUESS ON THIS. If you don't have ther label code post up in the forum
      5. go back inside and watch the o/d light flash pattern.
      if it blinks continually in 2 second intervals you no longer have a problem so just pull the 10 amp dome fuse to clear the code
      6. otherwise count the flashes to get a 2 digit code. the flash sequences are sapareted by a 1.5 second pause. If there are 2 codes there will be a 2.5 second pause between each fresh code.
      7. remove the paper clip. turn truck off.
      8. post your codes in the forum or look up in the FSM to decipher.

      Here is Landspeeders list of OBD I codes​
    3FE (Some links to 60 section)
    NOTE: Head Gasket and Transmission Threads are found in FAQ Chapter 6 4 Bannana Repairs


    NEW - Need to baseline your vehicle for emissions after resetting the OBD II port. The below attachment can help you

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: May 23, 2018
  6. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

    Likes Received:
    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
    Last edited: Mar 20, 2011
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  7. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

    Likes Received:
    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
  8. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

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    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
    Last edited: Feb 9, 2008
  9. Romer

    Romer fatherofdaughterofromer Moderator

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    Sep 14, 2003
    Centennial, Colorado
    FAQ Chaper 9 Engine Enhancements

    So you want your truck to go faster? There are two standard methods; a Turbocharger and a Supercharger

    TURBO FAQ - What is a Turbo Charger and how does it work

    SUPERCHARGER FAQ(in development)

    Installation Links and Topics:

    George's Super Charger Install Instructions

    Dual Pod install - To install gauges to go with the supercharger - boydmick Nov 2006

    blarsens cool supercharger intercooler

    Last edited: Apr 19, 2007
    mehbohdi likes this.
  10. reffug


    Likes Received:
    May 28, 2004
    'in dat der briar patch'
    Week Start Week end ROTW
    A 5/9/2005 5/15/2005 lx450landcruiser
    B 5/16/2005 5/22/2005 Gumby
    C 5/23/2005 5/29/2005 cc93cruiser
    D 5/30/2005 6/5/2005 T Y L E R
    E 6/6/2005 6/12/2005 cruiserdan
    F 6/13/2005 6/19/2005 Hltoppr
    G 6/20/2005 6/26/2005 airlaird
    H 6/27/2005 7/3/2005 Aussie Cruiser
    I 7/4/2005 7/10/2005 Biff
    J 7/11/2005 7/17/2005 NMostofi
    K 7/18/2005 7/24/2005 Fochdog
    L 7/25/2005 7/31/2005 Landtoy80
    M 8/1/2005 8/7/2005 concretejungle
    N 8/8/2005 8/14/2005 sjcruiser
    O 8/15/2005 8/21/2005 Beowulf
    P 8/22/2005 8/28/2005 Tucker74
    Q 8/29/2005 9/4/2005 TX_TLC
    R 9/5/2005 9/11/2005 White Shark
    S 9/12/2005 9/18/2005 MaddBaggins
    T 9/19/2005 9/25/2005 turbocruiser
    U 9/26/2005 10/2/2005 Romer
    V 10/3/2005 10/9/2005 clownmidget
    W 10/10/2005 10/16/2005 Texus
    X 10/17/2005 10/23/2005 cruiseruser
    Y 10/24/2005 10/30/2005 Scott_sFZJ80
    Z 10/31/2005 11/6/2005 NorCalDoug
    WAVE 2
    1 11/7/2005 11/13/2005 cc93cruiser
    2 11/14/2005 11/20/2005 -uhuru-
    3 11/21/2005 11/27/2005 MTNRAT
    4 11/28/2005 12/4/2005 TiredIronGRB
    5 12/5/2005 12/11/2005 neowulf
    6 12/12/2005 12/18/2005 davegonz
    7 12/19/2005 12/25/2005 dmc
    8 12/26/2005 1/1/2006 rgsii
    9 1/2/2006 1/8/2006 LR_RESQ
    10 1/9/2006 1/15/2006 Cruiserhead05
    11 1/16/2006 1/22/2006 PKP80
    12 1/23/2006 1/29/2006 ManrigDude
    13 1/30/2006 2/5/2006 blupaddler
    14 2/6/2006 2/12/2006 Hayes
    15 2/13/2006 2/19/2006 topeod yobbo
    16 2/20/2006 2/26/2006 NorCalSam
    17 2/27/2006 3/5/2006 Houston FZJ80
    18 3/6/2006 3/12/2006 convert
    19 3/13/2006 3/19/2006 markt
    20 3/20/2006 3/26/2006 beno
    21 3/27/2006 4/2/2006 FZJ80 FIREMAN
    22 4/3/2006 4/9/2006 FirstToy
    23 4/10/2006 4/16/2006 BRKLYN1
    24 4/17/2006 4/23/2006 apcoleman
    25 4/24/2006 4/30/2006 MaddBaggins (Part 2)
    26 5/1/2006 5/7/2006 Darwood
    27 5/8/2006 5/14/2006 jklubens
    28 5/15/2006 5/21/2006 Josh83
    29 5/22/2006 5/28/2006 clarkrw3
    30 5/29/2006 6/4/2006 bull
    31 6/5/2006 6/11/2006 z80
    32 6/12/2006 6/18/2006 FZJFillmore
    33 6/19/2006 6/25/2006 Dusty

    Wave 3
    01 6/26/2006 7/2/2006 racerdave
    02 7/3/2006 7/9/2006 ginericfj80
    04 7/17/2006 7/23/2006 Nay
    06 7/31/06 08/06/06 Chotchy
    08 08/15/06 08/22/06 Wild Yoates
    09 08/22/06 08/29/06 desertdude
    11 9/4/2006 9/10/2006 TCH2FLY
    12 9/11/2006 9/17/2006 Semlin
    14 10/9/2006 to 10/16/2006 Walking Eagle
    16 10/16/2006 to 10/25/2006 FJBen
    17 10/25/2006 to 11/5/2006 Romer
    18 11/5/2006 to 11/12/2006 Land Schmoozer
    19 11/12/2006 to 11/24/2006 xiero
    20 11/24/2006 to 12/04/2006 DanKunz
    21 12/18/06 tp 12/25/06 Alkaline747Trio
    22 12/252006 to 01/01/2007 Bear80

    Wave 4
    1/1/07 to 1/8/07 BBM Rick
    1/8/07 to 1/15/07 cc93cruiser
    1/15/07 to 1/22/07 e_parise
    1/22/07 to 1/29/07 Hayes
    1/29/07 to 2/5/07 TiredIronGRB
    2/5/07 to 2/12/07 95eighty
    2/12/07 to 2/19/07 lx450landcruiser
    2/26/07 - 3/4/07 bhaines
    3/5/07- 3/11/07 80krazE
    3/12/07 - 3/18/07 Texus
    3/19/07 - 3/25/07 Slomo
    3/26/07 - 4/1/07 Skillet
    4/2/07- 4/8/07 Arya Ebrahimi
    4/16/07 - 4/22/07 prossett
    4/23/07 - 4/29/07 619TOY
    4/30/07 - 5/6/07 Capocaccia
    5/7/07 to 5/13/07 Box Rocket
    5/14 to 5/20 nmostofi
    5/21 to 5/27 CPJONES1231
    5/28 to 6/3 Doc
    6/4 to 6/10 LIVERUST
    6/11 to 6/17 peepers
    6/18 to 7/1 Land Speeder
    7/2 to 7/8 Tin Star
    7/9 to 7/15 Cruiser80
    7/16 to 7/22 SOCALFJ
    8/20 to 8/26 chitown40
    8/27 to 9/2 TroutRunner
    9/17 to 9/23 smittycrusher
    9/24 to 9/30 Red Beard
    10/1 to 10/7 j_rawks
    10/8 to 10/14 MJADDICTION
    10/24 to 11/1 ArmyFJ
    11/19 to 11/25 JO MAOMA
    11/26 to 12/2 wildsmith
    12/10 to 12/16 lathamb
    12/17 to 12/23 Moody

    12/31 to 1/7 fjfar80
    1/14 to 1/21 DMC and his Expedition Travel
    2/3 to 2/11 4dmalamute
    2/18 to 2/25 DarkCloud
    2/25 to 3/3 Red Sox Cruiser
    3/17 to 3/24 sseaman
    3/24 to 3/31 slow91fj90

    In 2009 we started up with the Rig of the Fortnight



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