Toyota Historical Data

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May 14, 2009
Hello. I collect serial number plates and want to ask for help with complete translation of one 1941 Toyota and two Nissan plates.
Thank you!
Aug 18, 2008
Hello. I collect serial number plates and want to ask for help with complete translation of one 1941 Toyota and two Nissan plates.
Thank you!
nice hobby...
..don`t know if someone on mud can translate, too less japanes guys here ;)..
..would mail Shin Yoshikawa ( he is a japanes guy living in California).. Time Capsule(S.T.C) - Restoration of Twiggy's Toyota 2000GT
think he helps.
Cheers and good luck
May 14, 2009
I have sent him a message, thank you.
Whenever I'll have these plates translated, I will post the info here.
May 14, 2009
Here's the answer from Shin Yoshikawa:

Left side upper plate is Toyota number and Showa 15(1940) March.
Made in Nagoya factory.
Left side lower plate is Nissan number and Showa17(1942) October.
Made in Tokyo factory.
Right side plate is also Nissan plate but not show year or month.
Upper number is model number and lower number is VIN#.
This is Yokohama factory made.

And I have found out that the plate to the right is from Nissan 180 truck (produced from 1941).

180 Truck 1941 Nissan Type 180 in "Gojira, 1954"


Long ago TLCA# 2231
Jun 17, 2005
UpState Ny, Wells Me
It's been awhile for's more...please excuse my poor's all data gobbly gook :)

Launching of the fiscal year 50 discharge gas regulation matching cars by 02/07/1975 complex style method (TTC-V)

02/10/1975 management conference inauguration

02/28/1975 TOYOTA Los Angeles technical center inauguration in America

02/1975 TOYOTA team Europe (TTE) inauguration to foreign country rally teams

03/03/1975 Change made model and launching (the EC 20 style)

03/25/1975 The engine and also discharge gas measure parts plant which started on construction. descent from a mountain factory operation starts.

04/29/1975 Director Yoshimoto, the distinguished service second class Orders. the Umehara half dualism managing director, the distinguished service third class Order.

05/21/1975 Launching of the fiscal year, discharge gas regulation matching cars by catalyst method (TTC-C)

08/01/1975 residence business department inauguration

10/23/1975 Toyota energy conservation promotion committee inauguration

12/15/1975 Kamitani President Shotaro, the chairman to Katou true vice president

12/1975 launch TOYOTA offices & shop and in Kanto/Toukai/Kinki residence selling agent 24 store inauguration

12/1975 In America for the first time importation passenger car (Celica) ranked first


Long ago TLCA# 2231
Jun 17, 2005
UpState Ny, Wells Me
Here's some more TLC Chronology from toyota:
Newsroom : Toyota Light Truck and SUV Chronology / Toyota


Series Chronology

1950 - Development of Model BJ prototype begins in Japan.
1954 - BJ takes on name of Land Cruiser.
1955 - F-series 3.8L 6-cylinder engine adopted.
1958 - CY September, 1958 - Land Cruiser introduced to U.S.
1958 - First hard-top version produced.
1961 - Pickup and wagon version of Land Cruiser introduced in Japan.
1961-1965 - Land Cruiser is best selling Toyota in U.S.
1967 - New station wagon version introduced (FJ55).
1968 - 100,000th Land Cruiser sold worldwide.
1972 - 200,000th Land Cruiser sold worldwide.
1973 - 300,000th Land Cruiser sold worldwide.
1975 - 4.2L engine introduced.
1980 - Second-generation station wagon introduced (FJ60).
1980 - “4x4 of the Year,” Off-Road.
1981 - 1,000,000th Land Cruiser sold.
1983 - Last year of FJ40 sales in the U.S.
1988 - Minor updates on Wagon.
1990 - Named “Best Buy,” Consumer's Digest.
1990 - 2,000,000th Land Cruiser sold.
1991 - Third generation station wagon introduced (FJ80).
1991 - Full-time four-wheel drive introduced.
1991 - Among “Best Buys,” Consumers Digest.
1991 - “Best Full-Size SUV in Customer Satisfaction,” J.D. Power & Associates.
1992 - Named “Best Full-Sized Sport Utility” in IQS and CSI, J.D. Power.
1992 - Among “Best Buys” – Consumers Digest.
1993 - 4.5L engine introduced.
1993 - Named “Best Full-Sized Sport Utility” in IQS, J.D. Power.
1993 - Among “Best Buys,” Consumers Digest.
1994 - Among “Best Buys” - Consumers Digest.
1995 - At mid-year intro, receives updated grille and standard dual airbags and
1996 - “Best Full-Size SUV in Initial Quality” - J.D. Power.
1997 - “Luxury SUV Best Buy,” Four Wheeler.
1997 - “Best Overall Truck: Resale Value After Three Years of Ownership" - ADP
Autosource Survey.
1997 - "1997 Top Three Vehicles in Initial Quality-Full-Size Segment,” J.D. Power.
1998 - Fifth-generation Land Cruiser is introduced powered by Toyota Division’s
first-ever V8
1999 - “Best Full-Size Sport Utility Vehicle Segment,” J.D. Power
2000 - Receives Active TRAC, VSC and EBD as standard equipment
2000 - Among Consumer Guide’s Recommended Premium Large Sport-Utility Vehicles
2001 - A DVD-based navigation system is available.
2001 - Among Consumer Guide’s Recommended Premium Large Sport-Utility Vehicles
2002 - Consumer Reports “Most Reliable Large SUV”
2002 - Intellichoice named “Best Overall Value Full-Size Sport Utility Class”
2002 - Among Consumer Guide’s “Recommended Premium Large Sport-Utility Vehicles”
2003 - Receives minor interior, exterior and mechanical changes
2003 - “Most Wanted Large SUV Over $45,000” Award by
2003 - Among Consumer Guide’s “Best Buy Premium Large Sport-Utility Vehicles”
2004 - Backup camera is now available with Navigation system.
2004 - Consumer Reports “Most Satisfying” – Large SUVs, April 2005
2004 - Among Consumer Guide’s “Recommended Premium Large Sport-Utility Vehicles”
2005 - Among Consumer Guide’s 2005 “Best Buys Premium Large SUVs”
2005 - Consumer Reports “Most Reliable Sport-Utility Vehicles.”
2006 - Among Consumer Guide’s 2006 Best Buys Premium Large SUVs
2006 - “Four Wheeler of the Year,” Four Wheeler.
2007 - Land Cruiser carries over with no exterior changes. Driver and front passenger
seat-mounted side airbags and front and second-row side-curtain airbags become standard.
2008 - All-new seventh generation Land Cruiser is introduced for the 2008 model year.
2008 - “4x4 of the Year” 4Wheeler & Off-Road Magazine
2009 – “Best overall Value of the Year” award – Utility SUV segment


Long ago TLCA# 2231
Jun 17, 2005
UpState Ny, Wells Me
good read:
From its humble beginnings in 1950 as a development project based on the design of the Willys Jeep, the Land Cruiser has taken its rightful place as Toyota's flagship four-wheel-drive vehicle.

When the Land Cruiser (then named “Model BJ”) was first tested in August, 1951, it climbed to the sixth station on the trail to the top of Mt. Fuji - the first motor vehicle to perform this feat. The first orders for the vehicle were from police and forestry departments because of its off-road abilities. In 1954, when the BJ was formally named Land Cruiser, the vehicle officially entered mass-production, rather than being built on a made-to-order basis. The following year, the original 85-horsepower diesel engine was replaced with a 125-horsepower 3.8L gasoline unit.

The formal introduction of the Land Cruiser to the U.S. came in 1958, and it was the best selling Toyota vehicle in the U.S. from 1961 to 1965. During that time the line-up consisted of soft-top, open, and pickup versions.

In 1965, Land Cruiser moved toward the mainstream U.S. market with the introduction of the five-door station wagon. The wagon was hailed as a vehicle that was competent enough to drive through the back country, yet was comfortable and powerful enough to drive on any public street. Mid-1967 saw the U.S.-sales introduction of a hardtop version of the two-door, sales of which ceased in 1983 (although production ended in 1979).

In 1975, the 3.8L engine was replaced by a larger and more powerful 4.2L version, making the Land Cruiser easier to drive. For the home market (Japan), Land Cruiser has almost always been available with a diesel engine - originally 3.2L, reintroduced at 3.0L in 1976, and updated to 3.2L again in 1979 - but it was never officially available in the U.S.

Since 1980, the U.S.-spec Land Cruiser has only been available in one body style - five-door station wagon. It was replaced in 1991 by a larger, more luxurious vehicle that sported full-time four-wheel drive and a fully independent four-wheel coil-spring suspension.

In 1993, Land Cruiser grew up even further. Now sporting a 24-valve, DOHC inline six-cylinder engine displacing 4.5L, Land Cruiser produced 212 horsepower and 275 lb-ft of torque, and was more than capable of pulling Land Cruiser's 5153 pounds of curb weight.

The 1993 Land Cruiser offered optional leather upholstery, available seating for eight, an available compact-disc player, manually locking front and rear, and an automatic locking center differential.

Updates to the Land Cruiser for 1994 were limited to the addition of CFC-free air-conditioning.

In 1995, Land Cruiser took a large step toward additional passenger safety. Along with a new grille featuring redesigned headlights, the 1995 Land Cruiser included, as standard equipment, both driver- and passenger-side airbags and adjustable shoulder-belt anchors. These additions did nothing to diminish Land Cruiser's off-the-road abilities, though, and it continued as the most refined, most capable four-wheel-drive vehicle on the market.

For 1998, Toyota introduced the fifth-generation Land Cruiser and the first all-new Land Cruiser since 1991.​

The new Land Cruiser was larger, heavier, structurally more solid and substantially more powerful than its predecessor. Yet it delivered improved fuel efficiency, lower emissions and considerably quicker acceleration. It also featured the first V8 engine in a Toyota Division vehicle. Its all-new 4.7L 32-valve DOHC produced 230 horsepower, 18 more than its predecessor’s inline six-cylinder, and 320 lb-ft of torque, an improvement of 45 over the ’97 model.

For 1999 the Land Cruiser featured an independent rear automatic climate control system for added convenience and passenger comfort.

In 2000, Toyota again raised the benchmark in SUV performance and refinement by adding active traction control (Active TRAC), vehicle skid control (VSC) and electronic brake force distribution (EBD) systems as standard equipment. The Land Cruiser also added a six-disc in-dash CD player as standard.

For 2001, the Land Cruiser received a few additions. It featured an available navigation system with a DVD player, standard auto dimming rear view mirror, an integrated compass in the rear view mirror (on models without the navigation system), JBL Premium three-in-one AM/FM/Cassette/CD six-disc in-dash changer with seven speakers with an available Electro Multi-Vision screen with center console six-disc CD player.

The Land Cruiser entered 2002 with additional equipment and improved value. Third-row seats, automatic rear climate control system and HomeLink® became standard features. The only available factory option was a DVD-based navigation system.

Along with an updated front grille, rear bumper, rear turn signals and interior, output by the 2003 Land Cruiser’s 4.7L V8 was increased by five horsepower. For the first time, Land Cruiser had rear seat audio and steering wheel audio controls as standard equipment, and a DVD rear seat entertainment system and SRS front and second-row side-curtain airbags became available.

The 2004 Land Cruiser introduced an available backup camera with the navigation system. New side privacy glass color was changed from bronze to dark green.
For 2005, 18-inch wheels became standard.

In 2006, the Land Cruiser received minor changes to the exterior and engine. The 4.7L V8 engine became equipped with VVT-i and ETCS-i to produce 275 horsepower and 332 lb-ft torque. Land Cruiser also gained LEVII status. Adjustable Height Control and Adaptive Variable Suspension became options, while a Tire Pressure Monitor System became standard.

Exterior updates included a new grille, headlights, LED rear combination lamps, a high-gloss finish on the 18-inch wheels and an available rear spoiler. Two new colors included Classic Silver and Pacific Blue.

The 2007 Land Cruiser carried over with no exterior changes. Driver and front passenger seat-mounted side airbags and front and second-row side-curtain airbags become standard.

For the 2008 model year, the Land Cruiser was completely new, with a redesigned frame and chassis that offered superior strength and rigidity while enhancing towing capacity. Front suspension was a traditional double-wishbone design while the rear used a four-link coil-spring system and a solid axle. Brake rotors were vented and measure 13.4 inches up front and 13.6 inches at the rear, with four-piston calipers up front. Gas-pressure shock absorbers were used front and rear. Sitting atop this was a welded steel body that was 2.3 inches longer and 1.2 inches wider than the previous generation Land Cruiser.

The 2008 Series 200 Land Cruiser was powered by an all-new 5.7L (345 cid) DOHC V8 engine, known as the 3UR-FE, that used direct fuel injection, Toyota Direct Ignition, four valves per cylinder and a variable-length intake tract to produce 381 horsepower at 5,400 rpm and 401 lb-ft of torque at 3,400 rpm. And it did this while burning regular 87-octane gasoline and while achieving ULEV II emissions status.

Toyota’s AB60F six-speed electronically controlled transmission was employed in the 2008 Land Cruiser. It distributed its power through the newly developed JF2A transfer case to provide fulltime four-wheel drive. This lightweight, compact, chain-driven unit offerd a standard 1:1 high ratio for highway travel and a low-range 2.618:1. The transfer case employed a locking TORSEN limited-slip locking center differential.

The 2008 Land Cruiser benefited from Toyota’s full line electronic driving aids, including Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS), which varied chassis roll stiffness, depending on speed and suspension attitude; Multi-terrain Antilock Braking, which selected the optimal ABS profile depending on the driving surface; Electronic Brake Force Distribution; Active Traction Control (A-TRAC), Vehicle Skid Control (VSC); Hill Assist Control, which aided the driver during uphill starts; and CRAWL, which when activated with the Land Cruiser’s transfer case shifted into low range, controlled engine speed and output, along with braking force, to propel the vehicle forward at one of three selected, and very slow, speeds.

The 2008 Land Cruiser’s interior was upgraded for additional comfort and security, with Optitron gauges, seats designed to minimize whiplash injury in the event of a collision, and a system of eight airbags in the passenger cabin. These included two dual-stage airbags for the driver and front-seat passenger, two front side airbags, two rear side airbags and two curtain shield airbags. The latter employed a roll-sensing function so that should a rollover occur, the curtain airbags are deployed and the seatbelts for driver, front seat passenger, and the passengers in the outer seats in the second row, are pre-tensioned.

The 2009 Land Cruiser carried over unchanged with the exception of factory privacy glass on side and rear quarter windows.

Land Cruiser adds a few enhancements for 2010 model year including the addition of privacy glass on the rear hatch and Safety Connect™ telematics system. The audio system adds integrated satellite radio with a 90-day trial subscription to XM Satellite Radio, Bluetooth® and an auxiliary audio jack/USB port. New options include rain-sensing windshield wipers added to the Upgrade Package and a navigation system with XM NavTraffic.

What does it mean?
Land Cruiser: Land Cruiser is Toyota's flagship four-wheel drive vehicle. The name was derived from the ability, demonstrated by the very earliest versions of this iconic brand, to literally cruise across rough ground, and implies its go-anywhere ability.

Where is it built?
Land Cruiser is built at the Araco Corporation plant in Toyota City, Japan.
Jan 22, 2007
Alva, Fl.
I just found this. It's an amazing historical effort. I was getting despondent about the resto of my '77--but with this, the energy is renewed. Thank you for the work!!
Jun 4, 2009
New Smyrna Beach FL
I had no seen this posted before, nice chart of Land Cruiser model history from 1950 to 2000. Not in English but still useful.


  • lc_history-1.pdf
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Love those 45's
Jan 2, 2012
Nor Cal, Richvale,Ca
What a great piece of history brought together, much appreciated. I have a 1965 fj 45L truck wondering if there is any information out there supporting the numbers of imported 45's into the united states as well as world wide. In advance thanks to ever can come up with these figures. Trying to put the numbers in perspective as to how rare they are. Best


Long ago TLCA# 2231
Jun 17, 2005
UpState Ny, Wells Me
47.... i responded to the thread in the 45 section :)

good info here:
I've actually thought of leasing mine to a dealership.... bet they'd pay well for one. Although they'd probably want to put a bezel on it to match the FJ Cruiser

For the lazy:


Crown - 287

Land Cruiser - 1


Crown - 967

Land Cruiser - 61


Crown - 659

Land Cruiser - 162


Corona - 102

Crown - 225

Land Cruiser - 249


Corona - 39

Crown - 74

Land Cruiser - 598


Corona - 12

Crown - 28

Land Cruiser - 1,056


Corona - 270

Crown - 74

Land Cruiser - 1,681

Stout - 4


Corona - 1,422

Tiara - 318

Crown - 1,107

Land Cruiser - 2,595

Stout - 962


Corona - 14,764

Crown - 1,647

Land Cruiser - 3,072

Stout - 1,425


Corona - 31,099

2000GT - 13

Crown - 2,351

Land Cruiser - 2,782

Stout - 1,828


Corolla - 7,247

Corona - 56,617

Crown - 3,798

Land Cruiser - 3,775


Corolla - 27,443

Corona - 79,354

Mark II - 10,480

Crown - 5,792

Pickup - 1,756

Land Cruiser - 5,216


Corolla - 64,098

Corona - 55,781

Mark II - 62,342

Crown - 6,528

Pickup - 11,566

Land Cruiser - 8,000


Corolla - 116,435

Corona - 67,858

Carina - 939

Mark II - 78,092

Celica - 17,572

Crown - 3,934

Pickup - 14,974

Land Cruiser - 9,559


Corolla - 108,896

Corona - 49,477

Carina - 24,413

Mark II - 59,744

Celica - 40,485

Crown - 918

Pickup - 15,363

Land Cruiser - 11,982


Corolla - 115,463

Corona - 60,555

Carina - 14,824

Mark II - 24,983

Celica - 58,869

Crown - 49

Pickup - 36,731

Land Cruiser - 11,082


Corolla - 101,894

Corona - 52,714

Carina - 87

Mark II - 13,933

Celica - 59,172

Pickup - 30,871

Land Cruiser - 8,204


Corolla - 151,177

Corona - 44,156

Carina - 62

Mark II - 8,736

Celica - 64,922

Pickup - 44,450

Land Cruiser - 9,050


Corolla - 187,321

Corona - 38,638

Mark II - 5,064

Celica - 100,438

Pickup - 49,077

Land Cruiser - 9,236


Corolla - 259,344

Corona - 50,259

Cressida - 2,526

Celica - 163,714

Pickup - 82,891

Land Cruiser - 9,924


Corolla - 212,757

Corona - 34,823

Cressida - 12,484

Celica - 167,366

Pickup - 93,890

Land Cruiser - 8,858


Corolla - 274,934

Corona - 36,570

Cressida - 11,910

Celica - 146,608

Supra - 26,207

Crown - 1

Pickup - 128,796

Land Cruiser - 5,716


Long ago TLCA# 2231
Jun 17, 2005
UpState Ny, Wells Me
Looks like I ended at 1975..... so here's more from long ago when I translated the text in 08'


1976/01/14 vehicle that complies with the exhaust gas regulations using the lean burn system (TTD-L)

1976/03/23 Celica wins '76 Import Car of the Year in the United States

1976/03/25 Completion of the head office of the Toyota Co-op

1976/05/07 Supplied urban low-pollution buses to the Ministry of Transport

1976/05/25 Toyota Shoichiro Vice President appointed Chairman of Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan

1976/06 Implemented a two-year plan to increase self-sales and sales

1976/07/08 Cumulative production reaches 20 million units

1976/09 Toyota USA has more than 1,000 affiliated dealers

1976/10/04 Released Town Ace (TR10V type)

1976/11/22 Completion of Homi Training Center

1976/12/02 BUV (basic utility vehicle) "Tamarao" (KF10 type) released in the Philippines
[Toyota's first BUV was developed as a vehicle exclusively for overseas production to facilitate technology transfer in response to local needs. The Tamarao is a low-cost car that matches the transportation, traffic conditions and purchasing power of the Philippines. ]

1976/12/17 Mark II is remodeled and released (MX30 type)

1976/12 Established Toyota Mobilindo in Indonesia (production started in May 1977)

1976/12 Achieved annual export of 1 million units


Long ago TLCA# 2231
Jun 17, 2005
UpState Ny, Wells Me
doing this year a little different.... adding some links...


1977/02/01 Remodeled Hiace released (RH20 model)

1977/02/08 Released Toyota Home "JA type" and "KC type"
[The JA model is a lightweight steel frame system, and the KC model is a reinforced concrete system, both of which adopt the unit construction method of assembling factory-produced units locally and completing them, just like the office and shop. ] (Yes these are houses..... modular home systems..... somewhere on mud i have a thread about them ))

1977/02/13 Held the 1st Toyota Engineering Society Idea Olympics

1977/03/09 Established Toyota Manufacturing Australia (TMA) in Australia (engine plant production started in October 1978)

1977/03/14 Released multi-loader Jobsan (SDK type 6)

1977/04/01 Completion of Fujioka Training Center (now Fujioka Technical Training Center)

1977/06/01 Established Toyota Technical Center USA Inc. in the United States

1977/06/09 Released BUV "Kijan" (KF10 type) in Indonesia

1977/06/24 Chaser (MX40 type) released

1977/06/24 Released a vehicle that complies with the exhaust gas regulations using a three-way catalyst system

1977/08/22 Remodeled Carina and Celica released (TA40 type)

1977/08/25 Dyna was remodeled and released (BU20 type)

1977/09/10 Kenya Associated Vehicle Company (AVA) started production

October 15, 1977 Corolla economy campaign launched

1977/10 Number of vehicles owned in Japan exceeds 10 million

1977/11/02 Completion of Toyota Kaikan Hall
(トヨタ会館・工場見学 -


Long ago TLCA# 2231
Jun 17, 2005
UpState Ny, Wells Me
1978/01/26 Completion of Oguchi Center parts warehouse for auto sales (now Oguchi Parts Center)

1978/02/03 Remodeled Starlet released (KP61 type)

February 24, 1978 Established Toyota Auto Body (Thailand) Co., Ltd. in Thailand (production started in May 1979) and began manufacturing stamped parts for the Hilux, Corona, and Corolla.

1978/04/13 Released the Celica XX (MA 46 type)

June 24, 1978 Completed redemption of corporate bonds and became debt-free management

1978/07/03: Toyota U.S. raises the price of the '78 model in response to the rapid appreciation of the yen (fifth time for the '78 model)

1978/08/03 Released Tercel and Corsa (AL10 type)

1978/08/08 Kinuura Factory started operation
[Construction of an integrated manufacturing plant for transaxle assemblies for FF vehicles started in March 1977 with the aim of achieving a production capacity of 3 million units. It was built in the Kinuura coastal industrial zone in Hekinan City, away from the headquarters area, and consideration was given to ground improvement and measures against salt damage. ] TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE | 75 Years of TOYOTA | General Status of Plants in Japan | Kinuura Plant - 

1978/09/01 Remodeled Hilux released (RN30 type)

1978/09/04 Corona model changed and released (TT 130 type)

1978/09/26 President Shohachi Hanai becomes chairman and chairman Shoichi Saito becomes advisor

October 31, 1978 Completed self-sales, Inazawa parts warehouse (now Inazawa parts center)

1978/11/03 Advisor Shoichi Saito received the Second Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star

1978/12 Number of passenger cars, trucks, and total sales of imported cars in the United States ranked first (achievement of the Triple Crown)


Supporting Vendor
Feb 25, 2003
Seattle, WA
I have this service manual from 1941. Cool little book. Hoping to finally scan it for the website soon…. Even though it’s not about a cruiser. :p

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